Guide to the Usage of LCSH Free-Floating Form Subdivisions

(This document is no longer maintained as of December 13, 2000)

Code a form subdivision as $v when it is the form of the item.
Code a form subdivision as $x when it represents a form that the item is about. This often occurs when a subdivision that is normally a form subdivision is immediately followed by another form subdivision, or by a topical subdivision.

See SCM H 1075 1.d. for more information.

[ 2-3 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W-Z ]

Subdivision

Usage

SCM Guide

2-3    
2-harpsichord scores - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions

- e.g. 650 #0 Country music $v 2-harpsichord scores.

H1160
2-piano scores - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions

- e.g. 650 #0 Hymns $v 2-piano scores.

H1160
3-piano scores - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions

- e.g. 650 #0 Hymns $v 3-piano scores.

H1160
A    
Abbreviations - Use as form subdivision ($v) under topical headings for works containing lists of abbreviations pertaining to the topic

- e.g. 650 #0 Engineering $v Abbreviations.

H1095
Abbreviations of titles - Use as form subdivision ($v) under types of periodicals

- e.g. 650 #0 English periodicals $v Abbreviations of titles.

H1095
Abridgments - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
Abstracts - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., names of individual persons and corporate bodies, and under topical headings for works that list publications on the subject and provide full bibliographical information together with substantive summaries or condensations of the facts, ideas, or opinions presented in each publication listed

- e.g. 650 #0 Women $v Abstracts.

- Use also as form subdivision ($v) under types of publications for works that summarize the contents of those publications

- e.g. 650 #0 Japanese newspapers $v Abstracts.

H1205
Acronyms - Use under individual languages other than English, groups of languages, and topical headings for lists of acronyms in those languages or pertaining to those topics H1206.5
Adaptations - Use under pattern headings for individual literary authors, literary works entered under title, and literatures

- Use for collections of adaptations of the author's works. Do not use for texts of single adaptations.

H1110; H1155.8; H1156
Additives--Patents - Use under pattern headings for materials H1158
Aerial photographs - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., and under topical headings for collections of aerial photographs, including collections of reproductions, of a place or topic

- e.g. 651 #0 Great Britain $v Aerial photographs.

H1210.5
Aerial views - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc.

- Use as form subdivision ($v) under individual educational institutions

- Use for maps or atlases depicting those places observed from the air

H1210.5
Almanacs - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for wars H1200
Amateurs' manuals - Use as form subdivision ($v) under technical topics for works of instruction for nonprofessionals on how to acquire a skill or perform an operation H1943.5
Anecdotes - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., names of individual persons and corporate bodies, uniform titles of sacred works, and under topical headings H1095; H1100; H1103; H1105; H1110; H1140; H1188
Apologetic works - Use as form subdivision ($v) under the name of a religion or denomination for works explaining a religion or denomination and defending it against criticism from the outside.

- e.g. 650 #0 Judaism $v Apologetic works.

H1472
Archives - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of individual persons, corporate bodies, educational institutions, and families, and under types of corporate bodies and educational institutions, classes of persons, and ethnic groups for collections of documents or historical records, including manuscripts, diaries, notes, correspondence, minutes, photographs, legal papers, etc. H1230
Archives $v Catalogs - Use under names of individual persons and individual literary authors

- Use for inventories of documents and materials housed in an individual archive

H1110; H1230
Archives $v Microform catalogs - Use under names of individual persons H1110; H1361
Art - Use under names of individual persons who lived before 1400, names of deities and legendary figures, and under headings of the type [topic]--[subdivision] H1250
Art and the war [revolution, etc.] - Use under pattern headings for wars H1200
Atlases - Use as form subdivision ($v) under scientific and technical topics for works consisting of comprehensive, often systematically arranged collections of illustrative plates, charts, etc., usually with explanatory captions

- e.g. 650 #0 Human anatomy $v Atlases.

H1935
Audio-visual aids - Use under topical headings for works on audiovisual materials about a topic that are not specifically designed for educational purposes. H2110
Audio-visual aids $v Catalogs - Use under topical headings for catalogs of audiovisual materials H1361
Audiotape catalogs - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., names of individual persons and corporate bodies, and under topical headings for lists or catalogs of sound recordings on audio-tapes

- e.g. 650 #0 Medicine $v Audiotape catalogs.

H1361
Autographs - Use under classes of persons, ethnic groups, names of individual persons, individual literary authors, and wars for collections of autographs or handwriting H1100; H1103; H1110; H1200
Autographs $v Facsimiles - Use under names of individual persons and individual literary authors H1110
Aviation $v Job descriptions - Use under pattern headings for military services H1159
B    
Bathymetric maps - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
Bibliography - Use as form subdivision ($v) under subjects, and under names of individual persons and corporate bodies for lists of publications on those subjects

- e.g. 651 #0 United States $x Social conditions $y 1980- $x Juvenile literature $v Bibliography.

H1205; H1322; H1325; H1670
$v Bibliography $v Catalogs - Use as form subdivision ($v) under subjects

- Use as form subdivision ($v) for catalogs listing all types of printed publications

- e.g. 651 #0 United States $x History $x Sources $v Bibliography $v Catalogs.

H1361
$v Bibliography $v Early - Use under subjects for bibliographies issued before 1800

- e.g. 650 #0 Architecture $v Bibliography $v Early.

H1576
$v Bibliography $v Exhibitions - Use under any type of heading for works on exhibition of books, periodicals, etc., about these topics and for individual exhibition catalogs containing descriptions of the exhibition and/or lists of the books displayed.

- e.g. 600 10 Shakespeare, William, $d 1564-1616 $v Bibliography $v Exhibitions.

- e.g. 650 #0 Rare books $v Bibliography $v Exhibitions.

H1593
$v Bibliography $x First editions - Use under individual literary authors and literatures H1110; H1156
$v Bibliography $v Graded lists - Use under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
$v Bibliography $v Microform catalogs - Use as form subdivision ($v) under subjects for catalogs that list works stored in microform editions H1361; H1965
$v Bibliography $v Union lists - Use as form subdivision ($v) under subjects for catalogs of materials on those subjects held by two or more libraries H1361
$v Bibliography of Bibliographies - Use under subjects CSB #81 (summer 1998)
$v Bio-bibliography - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., and under topical headings H1328
$v Biography - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., and corporate bodies, uniform titles of sacred works, and under classes of persons, ethnic groups, individual and groups of animals, and historic events

- No longer used under names of literary authors according to CSB No. 82, fall 1998.

H1330; H1720; H1845
$v Biography $v Anecdotes - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
$v Biography $v Caricatures and cartoons - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
$v Biography $v Dictionaries - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., names of individual corporate bodies, and under classes of persons, ethnic groups, and historic events

- e.g. 651 #0 Central America $v Biography $v Dictionaries.

H1095; H1100; H1103; H1105; H1140
$v Biography $v Humor - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
$v Biography $v Pictorial works - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc. and classes of persons H1100; H1140
$v Biography $v Portraits - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., names of individual corporate bodies, educational institutions, and military services H1105; H1140; H1151; H1159
$v Biography $v Sermons - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
Book reviews - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., and under topical headings for collections of appraisals of books on those places or topics H2021
Books and reading - Use under classes of persons and ethnic groups for works consist of lists of recommended reading for the group, and under names of individual persons for works consist of lists of books read by those persons H1333
By-laws - Use under names of individual corporate bodies and under types of corporate bodies H1095; H1105
C    
Cadenzas - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Calendars Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., and individual corporate bodies, and under topical headings for works which list recurring or coming events held in those places, by those organizations, or relating to those topics H1095; H1105; H1110; H1140
Caricatures and cartoons - Use under names of individual persons, families, and corporate bodies, and under classes of persons, ethnic groups, individual wars, and topical headings for collections or discussions of caricatures or pictorial humor about those subjects H1095; H1100; H1103; H1105; H1110; H1120; H1188
Case studies - Use as form subdivision ($v) under individual corporate bodies, classes of persons, ethnic groups, and topical headings, except legal headings, for works consisting of descriptions of one or more recorded instances illustrating the conditions of a particular field, from which general principles may be drawn

- e.g. 650 #0 Women farmers $v Case studies.

H1350
Cases - Use as form subdivision ($v) under legal headings for compilations of court or regulatory agency decisions on the topic, including reporters or casebooks for students H1350
Casualties $v Statistics - Use under individual wars for works consisting of statistics of military personnel injured, killed, captured, etc. during the war H2095
Catalogs - Use as form subdivision ($v) under types of objects, including types of merchandise, art objects, products, publications, collectors' items, technical equipment, etc., for listings of those objects that have been produced, that are available or located at particular places, or that occur on a particular market, often systematically arranged with descriptive details, prices, etc., accompanying each entry.

- Use as form subdivision ($v) under the heading Excavations (Archaeology) as well as under headings for individual archaeological sites for works listing objects found.

- Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of individual corporate bodies and types of organizations for works listing objects, art works, products, etc., produced by, located in, or available from those organizations.

- Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of individual artists, crafts-persons, and corporate bodies for works listing their art works or crafts which are available or located in particular institutions or places

- e.g. 610 10 France. $b Biblioth`eque nationale $v Catalogs.

H1360; H1361
Catalogs, Manufacturers' - Use under pattern headings for musical instruments H1161
Catalogs and collections (May Subd. Geog.) - Use as form subdivision ($v) under types of natural objects and musical items that belong to either catalogs or collections

- e.g. 650 #0 Corn $x Germplasm resources $v Catalogs and collections.

- e.g. 650 #0 Fishes $v Catalogs and collections $z California $z San Francisco.

H1360; H1427
Catalogues raisonnÚs - Use as form subdivision ($v) for comprehensive listings of an artist's or craft-person's works in one medium or all media, usually chronologically or systematically arranged, and accompanied by descriptive or critical notes H1110
Catechisms - Use under pattern headings for religions and Christian denominations H1185; H1187
$v Catechisms $x [language {e.g. English, French, German}] - Use under pattern headings for Christian denominations H1187
CD-ROM catalogs - Use as form subdivision ($v) under topical headings H1361
Census - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. and ethnic groups for works consisting of official counts of the population of a place or group, generally including vital statistics and other classified information relating to social and economic conditions H1366
Census, [date] - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. and ethnic groups for works consisting of official counts of the population of a place or group, generally including vital statistics and other classified information relating to social and economic conditions H1366
Chapel exercises - Use under pattern headings for types of schools and educational institutions at all levels H1151.5
Charters - Use under names of individual corporate bodies and names of countries, cities, etc. H1105; H1140
Charters, grants, privileges - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
Charts, diagrams, etc. - Use as form subdivision ($v) under topical headings for works consisting of miscellaneous charts or diagrams illustrating those topics H1095
Children's sermons - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
Chord diagrams - Use under pattern headings for musical instruments H1161
Chorus scores with organ - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Chorus scores with piano - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Chorus scores without accompaniment - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Chronology - Use under names of individual persons, uniform titles of sacred works, headings not divided by --History, such as art, music, and literature headings, and topical headings that are inherently historical

- e.g. 651 #0 United States $x History $v Chronology

H1367
Classification - Use under classes of persons and topical headings H1095; H1100; H1147; H1154; H1180
Climate $v Observations - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
Code numbers - Use under topical headings for works consisting of lists of code numbers H1095
Code words - Use under topical headings for works consisting of lists of code words H1095
Comic books, strips, etc. - Use under names of individual persons, uniform titles of sacred works, and under topical headings H1095; H1100; H1103; H1105; H1110; H1188
Commentaries - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
Commercial treaties - Use under names of regions or countries for collections of commercial treaties H2227; H1140
Committees $v Indexes - Use under pattern headings for legislative bodies H1155
Committees $v Rules and practice - Use under pattern headings for legislative bodies H1155
Compact disc catalogs - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., names of individual persons and corporate bodies, and topical headings H1361
Comparative studies - Use under uniform titles of sacred works and under religious topics H1095; H1187; H1188
Composition and exercises - Use under pattern headings for languages, including named dialects and artificial languages H1154
Computer games - Use under subjects H1095
Concordances - Use under names of individual persons, individual works (author-title or title entries), and uniform titles of sacred works, and under individual literatures and literary forms

- e.g. 600 10 Shakespeare, William, $d 1564-1616. $t Hamlet $v Concordances.

H1670; H1188
Concordances, [language {e.g. English, French, German}] - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
$v Concordances, [language] $x Authorized, [Living Bible, Revised Standard, etc.] - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
Congresses - Use under subjects H1460
Constitution - Use under names of individual corporate bodies H1105
Controversial literature - Use as form subdivision ($v) under individual religions, denominations, religious and monastic orders, and sacred works for works that argue against or express opposition to those groups or works. The subdivision is no longer to be used under general religious and philosophical topics. H1472
Conversation and phrase books - Use under pattern headings for languages, including named dialects and artificial languages H1154
$v Conversation and phrase books $x [language] - Use under pattern headings for languages, including named dialects and artificial languages H1154
Conversation and phrase books ([specific groups {e.g. for clergy, for farmers}]) - Use under pattern headings for languages, including named dialects and artificial languages H1154
Correspondence - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of individual persons, classes of persons, and ethnic groups for works consisting of letters, regardless of whether or not the letters contain biographical information

- Use as general subdivision ($x) under names of individual persons, classes of persons, and ethnic groups for works discussing letters

- e.g. 245 10 "Appelle-moi Pierrot" $b wit and irony in the Lettres of Madame de
S{AC}evign{AC}e
          600 10 S{AC}evign{AC}e $f Madame de $c 1626-1696 $x Correspondence.

650 #0 Authors, French $y 17th century $x Correspondence.

H1110; H1480
$x Correspondence $v Catalogs - Use under names of individual persons H1110
$x Correspondence $v Facsimiles - Use under names of individual literary authors H1110
$x Correspondence $v Indexes - Use under names of individual literary authors H1110
$x Correspondence $v Microform catalogs - Use under names of individual persons H1110
Creeds - Use under pattern headings for religions and Christian denominations H1185; H1187
Criticism and interpretation $v Congresses - Use under names of individual literary authors H1110
Cross-cultural studies - Use under topical headings for works which report the results of cross-cultural studies on those topics or discuss the methods and techniques of conducting such studies H1510
Cross references - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
Curricula - Use under names of individual educational institutions and under types of education and educational institutions for listings of courses offered, or discussions about them H1095; H1151; H1151.5
D    
Data tape catalogs - Use as form subdivision ($v) under subjects H1095
Databases - Use under subjects as a form subdivision for actual databases or as a topical subdivision for works on databases on those subjects H1095
Designs and plans - Use as form subdivision ($v) under architectural headings, including types of buildings and rooms, and under landscape headings, including types of gardens and parks, for works containing architectural drawings H1532
Devotional literature - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
$x Dialects $v Glossaries, vocabularies, etc. - Use under pattern headings for languages, including named dialects and artificial languages H1154
$x Dialects $v Texts - Use under pattern headings for languages, including named dialects and artificial languages H1154
Diaries - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of individual persons, classes of persons, and ethnic groups H1538
Dictionaries - Use as form subdivision ($v) under subjects and names of languages

- e.g. 651 #0 Central America $v Biography $v Dictionaries.

H1540
$v Dictionaries $v Early works to 1700 - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for languages, including named dialects and artificial languages H1154
$v Dictionaries $x [language] - Use under subjects and names of languages for comprehensive, alphabetical lists of words pertaining to those subjects or in those languages, usually with definitions

- e.g. 650 #0 English language $v Dictionaries $x German.

H1540
Dictionaries, Juvenile - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of languages or topical headings for dictionaries intended for children up through age 15 or 9th grade H1540; H1690
$v Dictionaries, Juvenile $x [language] - Use under names of languages for comprehensive, alphabetical lists of words in those languages, usually with definitions, intended for children up through age 15 or 9th grade

- Do not use under topical headings

- e.g. 650 #0 French language $v Dictionaries, Juvenile $x English.

H1540; H1690
$x Diet therapy $v Recipes - Use under pattern headings for diseases and other medical conditions H1150
Digests - Use as form subdivision ($v) under legal headings for works consisting of systematically arranged compilations of brief summaries of individual statutes, regulations, court decisions, or regulatory agency decisions on particular topics H1550
Directories - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., individual corporate bodies and families, and under classes of persons, ethnic groups, Christian denominations, types of organizations, and topical headings for individual directories containing names, addresses, and other identifying data

- e.g. 610 20 Harvard University $x Alumni $v Directories.

H1558
Discography - Use under names of individual literary authors, composers, and performers, and under topical headings for lists or catalogs of sound recordings H1361
$x Diseases and pests $v Identification - Use under pattern headings for plants and crops H1180
$x Doctrines $v Introductions - Use under pattern headings for religions, including their sects and denominations H1185
Drama - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., names of individual persons and corporate bodies, and under classes of persons, ethnic groups, individual wars, and topical headings for collections of plays or individual plays on those subjects H1780
Drawings - Use under technical topics for collections of drawings, plans, etc., and for the technique of making such drawings, unless a separate heading for the technique has been provided H1095
$x Drill and tactics $v Handbooks, manuals, etc. - Use under pattern headings for military services H1159
E    
Early works to 1800 - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., and appropriate topical headings to designate individual works written or issued before 1800

- e.g. 650 #0 Architecture $v Early work to 1800 $v Bibliography.

- e.g. 651 #0 Paris (France) $v Aerial views $v Early work to 1800.

H1576
Electronic discussion groups - Use under subjects H1095
$x Employees $v Job descriptions (May Subd. Geog.) - Use under pattern headings for industries, including service industries as well as those based on commodities, manufactured goods, or natural resources H1153
Encyclopedias - Use as form subdivision ($v) under subjects, names of individual persons, literary authors, and ethnic groups for works consisting of explanatory articles arranged alphabetically or topically H1095; H1103; H1110; H1540
Encyclopedias, Juvenile Use as form subdivision ($v) under subjects for works consisting of explanatory articles arranged alphabetically or topically intended for children up through age 15 or 9th grade H1095; H1540
$x Entrance examinations $v Study guides - Use under pattern headings for types of schools and educational institutions at all levels H1151.5
$x Examinations $v Study guides - Use under subjects H1095
Examinations, questions, etc. - Use under classes of persons, ethnic groups, and topical headings for compilations of questions and answers for examinations for those groups or about those topics H1095; H1100; H1103; H1188
Excerpts - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Excerpts, Arranged - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Exercises for dictation - Use under pattern headings for languages, including named dialects and artificial languages H1154
Exhibitions - Use under any type of heading, including names of persons, classes of persons, ethnic groups, corporate bodies, literary works, place names, disciplines, types of objects, etc. for works on exhibitions about these topics and for individual exhibition catalogs containing descriptions of the exhibition and/or lists of the objects exhibited.

- Do not subdivide --Exhibitions further by --Catalogs

H1593
F    
Facsimiles - Use as form subdivision ($v) under types of printed materials, documents, etc. for exact copies of the items.

- Do not use it for a copy of single work. Use it for works that contain several copied works, except for manuscripts and maps.

H1595
Fake books - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Fiction - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., names of individual persons and corporate bodies, and under classes of persons, ethnic groups, individual wars, and topical headings for collections of stories or novels on those topics.

- Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of individual persons and historic events for individual works of biographical or historical fiction, and under animals for individual stories about animals.

- e.g. 600 30 Clark family $v Fiction.

- e.g. 611 20 International Congress of Writers for the Defense of Culture $n (1st : $d 1935 : $c Paris, France) $v Fiction.

- e.g. 650 #1 Parties $v Fiction.

- e.g. 651 #0 Salem (Mass.) $v Fiction.

H1790
Film and video adaptations - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of individual literary authors, literatures, and pattern headings for musical compositions H1110; H1156; H1160
Film catalogs - Use as form subdivision ($v) under topical headings H1361; H1670
Films for foreign speakers - Use under pattern headings for languages, including named dialects and artificial languages H1154
Films for [language {e.g. French, German}] speakers - Use under pattern headings for languages, including named dialects and artificial languages H1154
Firing regulations - Use under pattern headings for military services H1159
Folklore - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., and under classes of persons, ethnic groups, and topical headings for works discussing those topics as themes in folklore and for collections of folklore texts on those subjects H1627; H1720
$x Foreign relations $v Executive agreements - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
$x Foreign relations $v Treaties - Use under general, non-topical collections, and under names of regions or countries for works that discuss various treaties to which a region or country is a party

- e.g. 651 #0 France $x Foreign relations $v Treaties.

H2227; H1140
Forms - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of individual corporate bodies, and under topical headings for works consisting of, or containing, substantial numbers of blank forms H1095; H1105; H1154.5
G    
Gazetteers - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc. for geographical dictionaries of these places

- e.g. 651 #0 Canada $v Gazetteers.

H1630
Genealogy - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., individual corporate bodies, classes of persons, and ethnic groups for works that contain collections of family records and/or histories of families H1631; H1845
$x Germplasm resources $v Catalogs and collections (May Subd. Geog.) - Use under pattern headings for plants and crops

- e.g. 650 #0 Corn $x Germplasm resources $v Catalogs and collections

H1180
Gift books - Use under pattern headings for plants and crops and wars H1180; H1200
Glossaries, vocabularies, etc. - Use as form subdivision ($v) under individual languages or groups of languages for works consisting of incomplete lists of the words of a language, with or without definitions H1540; H2184
$v Glossaries, vocabularies, etc. $x Polyglot - Use under pattern headings for languages, including named dialects and artificial languages H1154
$x Grammar $v Terminology - Use under pattern headings for languages, including named dialects and artificial languages H1154
Guidebooks - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., individual corporate bodies and parks, etc., and certain topical headings

- e.g. 650 #0 Architecture $z Colorado $z Denver $v Guidebooks.

H1645
H    
Handbooks, manuals, etc. - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., individual corporate bodies, and topical headings for concise reference works in which facts and information pertaining to the topic are arranged for ready reference and consultation rather than for continuous reading and study.

- e.g. 650 #0 Vomiting $x Treatment $v Handbooks, manuals, etc.

H1646
Harmonies - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
Harmonies, [language] - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
$x Historical geography $v Maps - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
$x History $y [Period subdivision] $v Biography - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
$x History $y [Period subdivision] $v Biography $v Anecdotes - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
$x History $y [Period subdivision] $v Biography $v Portraits - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
$x History $y [Period subdivision] $v Chronology - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
$x History $y [Period subdivision] $v Sources - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
$x History $v Anecdotes - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
$x History $v Chronology - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., individual corporate bodies, ethnic groups, and topical headings for works that contain listings of dates and events H1367
$x History $v Comic books, strips, etc. - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
$x History $v Humor - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
$x History $v Pictorial works - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
$x History $v Sources - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., and individual corporate bodies, classes of persons, ethnic groups, and topical headings not inherently historical for collections or discussions of contemporary writings such as legal documents, letters, diaries, family papers, etc., assembled at a later time to serve as source materials for use by students, scholars, etc., in their research on the subject H1647; H2080
$x Housing $v Specifications (May Subd. Geog.) - Use under pattern headings for individual animals and groups of animals at all taxonomic levels H1147
Humor - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., names of individual persons and corporate bodies, uniform titles of sacred works, and under topical headings H1095; H1100; H1103; H1105; H1110; H1140; H1188
Hymns - Use under pattern headings for Christian denominations H1187
$x Hymns $v Texts - Use under pattern headings for Christian denominations H1187
I    
Identification - Use under pattern headings for individual animals and groups of animals at all taxonomic levels, and for plants and crops

- e.g. 650 #0 Dogs $x Parasites $v Identification.

- e.g. 650 #0 Trees $z Northwest, Pacific $v Identification.

H1147; H1180
Illustrations - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of individual literary authors, individual works (author-title or title entries), uniform titles of sacred works, and under individual literatures, literary forms, and types of published materials for collections of pictorial representations depicting these subjects or found in these works

- Use as general subdivision ($x) under names of individual literary authors,
individual works (author-title or title entries), uniform titles of sacred works, and
under individual literatures, literary forms, and types of published materials for
discussions of pictorial representations depicting these subjects or found in
these works

H1659
Imprints - Use as form subdivision ($v) under individual regions, countries, cities, etc. for lists of works published in those places without regard to the language in which they were published H1660
In art - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of individual corporate bodies and under countries, cities, etc. for artistic reproductions

- Use as general subdivision ($x) under names of individual corporate bodies and under countries, cities, etc. for discussion of the topic as represented in art

H362; H910
Index maps - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
Indexes - Use as form subdivision ($v) under subjects

- e.g. 611 20 Vatican Council $n (2nd : $d 1962-1965). $t Acta synodalia Sacrosancti Concilii Oecumenici Vaticani II $v Indexes.

- e.g. 630 00 New York times $v Indexes.

H1670
$x Instruction and study $v Juvenile - Use under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Instructive editions - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Instrumental settings - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Interactive multimedia - Use under subjects H1095
Interlinear translations - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
Interlinear translations, [language] - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
Interviews - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of individual persons, literary authors, corporate bodies, classes of persons, and ethnic groups for transcripts of what was said during the course of interviews or conversations

- e.g. 650 #0 Authors, African $y 20th century $v Interviews.

H1678
Introductions - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
J    
Job descriptions - Use under names of individual corporate bodies and military services, and under types of industries and occupational groups

- May be further subdivided by place under types of industries and occupational groups

H1095; H1105; H1159; H1100
Juvenile - Use under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Juvenile drama - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., names of individual persons and corporate bodies, and under classes of persons, ethnic groups, and topical headings H1690
Juvenile fiction - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., names of individual persons and corporate bodies, and under classes of persons, ethnic groups, and topical headings

- e.g. 650 #0 Showers (Parties) $v Juvenile fiction.

H1690
Juvenile films - Use as form subdivision ($v) under subjects H1690
Juvenile humor - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., names of individual persons and corporate bodies, and under classes of persons, ethnic groups, and topical headings H1690
Juvenile literature - Use as form subdivision ($v) under subjects

- e.g. 611 20 Olympic Games $x History $v Juvenile literature.

H1690
Juvenile poetry - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., names of individual persons and corporate bodies, and under classes of persons, ethnic groups, and topical headings H1690
Juvenile software - Use as form subdivision ($v) under topical headings for actual software items, i.e., machine-readable editions H2070
Juvenile sound recordings - Use as form subdivision ($v) under subjects H1690
K    
$x Kings and rulers $v Folklore - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. and ethnic groups H1103; H1140
$x Kings and rulers $v Genealogy - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. and ethnic groups H1103; H1140
L    
Laboratory manuals - Use as form subdivision ($v) under scientific and technical topics for workbooks containing concise background information and directions for performing work, including experiments, in the laboratory H1646
$x Language $v Glossaries, etc. - Use under names of individual persons, literary authors, literary works

- e.g. 630 00 Beowulf $x Language $v Glossaries, etc.

H1110; H1155.8
$x Languages $v Texts - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. and ethnic groups H1103; H1140
Lead sheets - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Legends - Use under names of individual persons and legendary characters and under religious topics for collected or individual literary versions of legendary tales about those persons, characters, or topics H1627; H1795
$x Library $v Marginal notes - Use under names of individual literary authors H1110
$x Library $v Microform catalogs - Use under names of individual persons H1110
Librettos - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Life skills guides -Use under classes of persons and ethnic groups H1100; H1103
Lists of vessels - Use under pattern headings for military services H1159
Literary collections - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., names of individual persons and corporate bodies, and under classes of persons, ethnic groups, individual wars, and topical headings for collections including several literary forms H1095
Literatures - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. in which one language predominates but two or more languages are spoken for collections of literary works in several of those languages H1828
Liturgical lessons, [language] - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
$x Liturgy $v Calendar - Use under pattern headings for Christian denominations H1187
$x Liturgy $v Texts - Use under pattern headings for religious orders and Christian denominations H1186; H1187; H2190
$x Liturgy $x Texts $v Concordances - Use under pattern headings for Christian denominations H1187
$x Liturgy $x Texts $v Illustrations - Use under pattern headings for Christian denominations H1187
$x Liturgy $x Texts $v Manuscripts - Use under pattern headings for Christian denominations H1187
$x Liturgy $x Texts $v Rubrics - Use under pattern headings for Christian denominations H1187
Longitudinal studies - Use under classes of persons, ethnic groups, and topical headings for case studies in which variables related to a topic or a group of people are assessed over a period of time or served at successive stages in order to determine change or stability H1848
M    
$x Manuscripts $v Catalogs - Use under names of individual persons and literary authors H1855
$x Manuscripts $v Facsimiles - Use under names of individual persons and literary authors for any facsimile collection of manuscripts H1595; H1855
$x Manuscripts $v Indexes - Use under names of individual persons H1095; H1110
$x Manuscripts $v Microform catalogs - Use under names of individual persons H1361
Maps - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., and individual corporate bodies, and under topical headings for individual maps or collections of maps

- e.g. 650 #0 Rain and rainfall $z Washington (State) $z Seattle $v Maps.

H1865
$x Maps $v Bibliography - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., and individual corporate bodies, and under topical headings H1095; H1105; H1140
$v Maps $v Early works to 1800 - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., and under topical headings H1576; H1095
$v Maps $v Facsimiles - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., and under topical headings H1595; H1095
Maps, Comparative - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1095; H1140
Maps, Manuscript - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1095; H1140
Maps, Mental - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1095; H1140
Maps, Outline and base - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1095; H1140
Maps, Physical - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1095; H1140
Maps, Pictorial - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1095; H1140
Maps, Topographic - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1095; H1140
Maps, Tourist - Use under names of countries, cities, etc.

- e.g. 651 #0 Atlantic City (N.J.) $v Maps, Tourist.

H1095; H1140
Maps for children - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., under individual corporate bodies, and under topical headings H1095; H1105; H1140
Maps for the blind Use under names of countries, cities, etc. and topical headings H1095; H1140
Maps for the visually handicapped Use under names of countries, cities, etc. and topical headings H1095; H1140
Marginal readings - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
Meditations - Use under names of individual persons, uniform titles of sacred works, and under religious topics for works containing collections of thoughts or reflections on the spiritual significance of the person or topic H1095; H1110; H1188
Methods - Use under pattern headings for musical instruments H1161
$v Methods $v Group instruction - Use under pattern headings for musical instruments H1161
$v Methods $v Juvenile - Use under pattern headings for musical instruments H1161
$v Methods $v Self-instruction - Use under pattern headings for musical instruments H1161
Methods (Jazz), [(Rock, Bluegrass, etc.] - Use under pattern headings for musical instruments H1161
Microform catalogs - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of individual institutions and collections for catalogs that list works stored in those institutions or collections in microform editions H1361; H1965
Miscellanea - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., names of individual persons and corporate bodies, and under classes of persons, ethnic groups, and topical headings H1910
Music - Use under ethnic groups for works consisting of music of ethnic groups, music with national emphasis, religious music of certain groups, and non-Western art music H1917
$x Music $v Bibliography - Use under ethnic groups for works consisting of music of ethnic groups, music with national emphasis, religious music of certain groups, and non-Western art music H1917; H1103
$x Music $v Discography - Use under ethnic groups for works consisting of music of ethnic groups, music with national emphasis, religious music of certain groups, and non-Western art music H1917; H1103
Musical settings - Use under names of individual persons, literary authors, and literatures H1110; H1156
N    
Necrology - Use under pattern headings for religious orders H1186
Newspapers - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., ethnic groups of the United States, and topical headings as a form subdivision on newspapers for those places or groups or on those topics H1920
Nomenclature - Use under scientific and technical disciplines and types of substances, plants, and animals for systematically derived lists of names or designations that have been formally adopted or sanctioned, or for discussions of the principles involved in the creation and application of such names H1095
Nomenclature (Popular) - Use under pattern headings for animals, plants and crops H1147; H1180
Nomograms - Use under topical headings H1095
Non-commissioned officers' handbooks - Use under pattern headings for military services H1159
Notation - Use as form subdivision ($v) under scientific and technical topics for works containing the symbols, formulae, or signs employed in the field H1095; H1158
Notebooks, sketchbooks, etc. - Use under names of individual persons and literary authors H1110
O    
Obituaries - Use under classes of persons and ethnic groups H1100; H1103
Observations - Use under scientific topics for works consisting of numerical data obtained by the observation of natural phenomena or for discussions on the processing and use of those data H1095
Observers' manuals Use under scientific topics for instruction books on making observations of natural phenomena H1095
Officers' handbooks - Use under pattern headings for military services H1159
Orchestra studies - Use under pattern headings for musical instruments H1161
Order-books - Use under pattern headings for military services H1159
Outlines, syllabi, etc. - Use as form subdivision ($v) under topical headings for brief statements of the principal elements of a subject to be studied, usually arranged by headings and subheadings H1095
P    
Pamphlets - Use under pattern headings for wars H1200
Papal documents - Use as form subdivision ($v) under topical headings for collections of documents and other papal pronouncements on the topic H1095
Parallel versions, [language] - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
Paraphrases, [language] - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
$x Parasites $v Identification - Use under pattern headings for animals H1147
Parodies, imitations, etc. - Use under names of individual persons and individual works entered under title H1095
Parts - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Parts (solo) - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Pastoral letters and charges - Use under pattern headings for Christian denominations H1187
Patents - Use under disciplines and under types of articles and processes patented H1095
Pedigrees - Use under pattern headings for animals H1147
Performance records - Use under pattern headings for animals H1147
Periodicals - Use under subjects

- e.g. 610 20 United Nations $x Economic assistance $v Periodicals.

- e.g. 650 #0 Scuba diving $v Periodicals.

- e.g. 650 #0 Geography $v Bibliography $v Periodicals.

- e.g. 651 #0 Washington (D.C.) $x History $v Periodicals.

H1927
$x Periodicals $v Abbreviations of titles - Use under subjects H1095
$x Periodicals $v Bibliography - Use under subjects for lists of serials or periodicals on a subject H1095
$x Periodicals $v Bibliography $v Catalogs - Use under subjects for lists of serials or periodicals held by one organization or library, assembled as a private collection, or issued by an individual publisher H1361
$x Periodicals $v Bibliography $v Union lists - Use under subjects for catalogs of serials or periodicals on those subjects held by two or more libraries H1361
$x Periodicals $v Indexes - Use under subjects H1670
Personal narratives - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of events and wars for collective or individual eyewitness reports and/or anti-biographical accounts of these events and wars H1928
Personal narratives, American [French, etc.] - Use under names of events and wars H1928
Personal narratives, Confederate - Use under names of events and wars H1928
Personal narratives, Jewish - Use under names of events and wars H1928
Petty officers' handbooks - Use under pattern headings for military services H1159
Phonetic transcriptions - Use under pattern headings for languages, including named dialects and artificial languages H1154
Photographs - Use as form subdivision ($v) under subjects for works that consist of actual, that is, not reproductions of, photographs H1935
Photographs from space - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., and under topical headings for collections of photographs taken from outer space

- Do not use for cartographic materials

H1210.5
Piano scores - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Piano scores (4 hands) - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Pictorial works - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., individual persons, families, corporate bodies, and under classes of persons, ethnic groups, individual wars, and topical headings for works consisting primarily of pictures H1935
Picture Bibles - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
Platforms - Use under names of individual political parties H1105
Poetry - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., names of individual persons and corporate bodies, and under classes of persons, ethnic groups, individual wars, and topical headings for collections of poetry and individual poems on those subjects

- e.g. 611 20 Council of Constantinople $n (1st : $d 381) $v Poetry.

H1800
Popular works - Use under scientific, technical, and legal headings, etc., for works written for the layperson

- e.g. 650 #0 Law $z Australia $v Popular works.

H1943.5
Portraits - Use under names of individual persons, literary authors, classes of persons, ethnic groups, families, religious orders, and wars H1935
Posters - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., individual persons and corporate bodies, classes of persons, ethnic groups, individual wars, and topical headings for individual posters and collections of posters about those subjects

- Use as general subdivision ($x) under names of countries, cities, etc., individual persons and corporate bodies, classes of persons, ethnic groups, individual wars, and topical headings for discussions of posters about those subjects

H1945.5
Prayer-books and devotions - Use further subdivided by the language of the text under names of individual religious and monastic orders and under individual religions, Christian denominations, and classes of persons for whose use the prayers are intended; under names of individual saints, deities, et., to whom the devotions are directed; and under topical headings for prayer-books on those topics H1095
$v Prayer-books and devotions $x [language] - Use under names of individual persons, classes of persons, ethnic groups, religious orders, religions, and Christian denominations H1100; H1103; H1110; H1185; H1186; H1187
Prayers - Use under types of schools and pattern headings for sacred works H1151.5; H1188
Prefaces - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
Private bills - Use under pattern headings for legislative bodies H1155
Problems, exercises, etc. - Use as form subdivision ($v) under topical headings for compilations of practice problems or exercises pertinent to the study of the topic H1095
Programmed instruction Use under topical headings for works discussing presequenced instruction in which the learner is able to govern the pacing of the process, sometimes with a teaching machine, or for programmed texts on those topics H1095
Prophecies $v Chronology - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
Q    
Quotations - Use under names of individual persons, families, classes of persons, ethnic groups, and uniform titles of sacred works for collections of quotations H1969
Quotations, maxims, etc. - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., and under topical headings for collections of quotations, maxims, etc. H1969
R    
Readers - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of languages (except English) for reading texts to be used in learning those languages H1975
$v Readers $x [topic] - Use if the reader is limited to a particular subject or literary form H1975
Readers for new literates - Use under pattern headings for languages, including named dialects and artificial languages H1154
Records and correspondence - Use under names of individual corporate bodies and types of industries, organizations, etc. H1095
Reference editions - Use under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
Registers - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., individual corporate bodies, and families, and under classes of persons, ethnic groups, individual wars, and topical headings for lists of names of persons, organizations, or objects, etc., without addresses or other identifying data H1558
Registers of dead (May Subd. Geog.) - Use under pattern headings for military services

- May subdivide by place under pattern heading for wars

H1159; H1200
Regulations - Use under names of individual schools and pattern headings for military services H1151; H1159
Relief models - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
Remote-sensing images - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
Remote-sensing maps - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., and under topical headings H1095
Resolutions - Use under pattern headings for legislative bodies H1155
Reverse indexes - Use under pattern headings for languages, including named dialects and artificial languages H1154
Reviews - Use as form subdivision ($v) under headings for books and non-book materials for collections of descriptive and evaluative accounts of books on many subjects.

- Use as form subdivision ($v) under headings for mass media and the performing arts for collections of critical writings about programs, performances, etc.

H2021
$x Rituals $v Texts - Use under name of religion or sect for works that contain the words and instructions for carrying out the official worship of these religions, sects, or denominations H2190
$x Rituals $x Texts $v Concordances - Use under pattern headings for religions H1185
Romances - Use under names of individual persons and legendary characters for texts of medieval (i.e. pre-1501) European tales based chiefly on legends of chivalric love and adventure in which those persons or characters are the dominant character H1795
Rules - Use under names of individual religious and monastic orders and under games and activities H1095
Rules and practice - Use under names of individual corporate bodies and types of corporate bodies H1095
S    
$x Sacred books $v Introductions - Use under pattern headings for religions H1185
$x Sacred books $v Quotations - Use under pattern headings for religions H1185
Sailors' handbooks - Use under pattern headings for military services H1159
Scenarios - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Scholia - Use under names of individual literary authors H1110
Scores - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Scores and parts - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Scores and parts (Solo) - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
$x Seeds $v Identification - Use under pattern headings for plants and crops H1180
Self-portraits - Use under names of individual persons for reproductions of self-portraits by the person H1110
Sermons - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of individual persons and under religions, Christian denominations, and topical headings for individual or collections of sermons H2032
$x Sermons $v Outlines, syllabi, etc. - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for sacred works H1188
Simplified editions - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Slides - Use under names of countries, cities, etc., and individual persons and under topical headings H1095
Software - Use as form subdivision ($v) under topical headings for actual software items, i.e. machine-readable editions H2070
Solo with [musical instrument {e.g. piano}] - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Songs and music - Use under names of individual persons and corporate bodies, and under ethnic groups and topical headings H1095
Sound recordings for foreign speakers - Use under pattern headings for languages, including named dialects and artificial languages H1154
Sound recordings for [language] speakers - Use under pattern headings for languages, including named dialects and artificial languages H1154
Sources - Use as form subdivision ($v) under individual works (author-title or title entries), historical topics, types of literatures, and headings for systems of law for collections of writings compiled for scholars.

- Use as general subdivision ($x) under names of individual persons for works discussing the individual's sources of ideas or inspiration

H1647; H2080
Specifications (May Subd. Geog.) - Use under types of engineering, construction, industries, products, and merchandise H2083
Specimens - Use as form subdivision ($v) under types of publications, printed matter, etc., as a form subdivision for actual specimens of the material H1095
Speeches in Congress - Use as form subdivision ($v) under topical headings for single speeches or compilations of speeches on those topics H1095
Spurious and doubtful works - Use for discussions or collections of works attributed to the person at some previous time. Do not use for a single work H1110
Stage guides - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Statistics - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., names of individual corporate bodies, classes of persons, ethnic groups, and topical headings for works consisting of statistics about those subjects

- Use as general subdivision ($x) under names of countries, cities, etc., names of
individual corporate bodies, classes of persons, ethnic groups, and topical
headings for works discussing statistics about those subjects

H2095
Statistics, Medical - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc. for works consisting of medical statistics

- Use as general subdivision ($x) under names of countries, cities, etc. for works
discussing medical statistics

H2095
Statistics, Vital - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc. and ethnic groups for works consisting of vital statistics

- Use as general subdivision ($x) under names of countries, cities, etc. and
ethnic groups for works discussing vital statistics

H2095
Stories, plots, etc. - Use under names of individual persons, literary authors, literatures, and pattern headings for musical compositions H1110; H1156; H1160
$x Students $v Yearbooks - Use under names of individual educational institutions for student yearbooks from those institutions

- e.g. 610 20 Bowdoin College $x Students $v Yearbooks.

H2400
Studies and exercises - Use under pattern headings for musical instruments H1161
$v Studies and exercises $v Juvenile - Use under pattern headings for musical instruments H1161
Studies and exercises (Jazz [Rock, etc.]) - Use under pattern headings for musical instruments H1161
Study guides - Use under topical headings H1095
Surveys - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
T    
Tables - Use as form subdivision ($v) under topical headings for works in tabular form that present systematic listings of results H2160
Teaching pieces - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Telephone directories - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc., individual corporate bodies, classes of persons, ethnic groups, and types of organizations and industries

- e.g. 650 #0 East Indians $z Ontario $z Toronto $v Telephone directories.

H1558
$v Telephone directories $v Yellow pages - Use under names of countries, cities, etc. H1140
Terminology - Use under uniform titles of sacred works, and under classes of persons, individual Christian denominations, and topical headings for works that list or discuss words and expressions found in those works or used in those fields H2184
Terms and phrases - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of languages for works that list expressions, phrases, etc.

- Use as general subdivision ($x) under names of languages for works that discuss expressions, phrases, etc.

H1540; H2184
Textbooks - Use under the heading Bible and names of other sacred works for individual textbooks for the study of those works H2187; H1690
Textbooks for English, [French, etc.] speakers - Use for textbooks to be used in learning artificial languages, specifying the native language of the student H2187
Textbooks for foreign speakers - Use under names of languages for textbooks to be used in learning the language as a foreign language H2187
$v Textbooks for foreign speakers $x English, [German, etc.] - Use if the textbook is written for native speakers of another particular language H2187
Texts - Use as form subdivision ($v) under individual lesser-known languages, dialects, early periods of languages, liturgy headings, and headings for vocal music for individual texts or collections of texts H2190
Thematic catalogs - Use under names of individual persons and pattern headings for musical compositions H1110; H1160
Tours - Use as form subdivision ($v) under names of countries, cities, etc. for works providing planned itineraries H1645
$x Toxicology $v Biography - Use under pattern headings for chemicals H1149
Trademarks - Use under types of industries and products for works listing or discussing the words, letters, or symbols adopted and used by the manufacturers or dealers of those items to distinguish them from the goods of others H1095
Translations - Use under names of individual literary authors, individual literary works entered under title, individual literatures, types of publications, and topical headings, for collections of translated works H2220
Translations into [language] - Use under names of individual literary authors, individual literary works entered under title, individual literatures, types of publications, and topical headings, for collections of translated works H2220
Treaties - Use under pattern headings for wars, names of Indian tribes, Catholic Church--Foreign relations, etc. and headings of the type [place]--Foreign relations. It is not used as a further subdivision after headings of the type [place]--Foreign

relations--[place].

H2227
Trials, litigation, etc. - Use under corporate bodies, individual persons, and places H2228
U    
Union lists - Use as form subdivision ($v) under types of printed or non-book materials for catalogs of those materials held by two or more libraries H1361
V    
Video catalogs - Use as form subdivision ($v) under subjects, ethnic groups, corporate bodies, and individual persons H1361
Video recordings for foreign speakers - Use under pattern headings for languages, including named dialects and artificial languages H1154
Video recordings for [language] speakers - Use under pattern headings for languages, including named dialects and artificial languages H1154
Vocal scores with [instrument {e.g. Guitar}] - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
Vocal scores without accompaniment - Use as form subdivision ($v) under pattern headings for musical compositions H1160
W-Z    

[ 2-3 | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W-Z ]

 

Compiled by Vianne Sha, Head of Catalog Department, University of Missouri-Columbia Libraries.
Created: November 5, 1998
Last updated: March 9, 2000
Copyright 1998-2000. All rights reserved.
No part of this document shall be copied or distributed in any form without written permission of the author.

Please feel free to include a link to this document as desired:
<http://www.itcompany.com/inforetriever/form_subdivisions_list.htm>

The author would like to thank Adam L. Schiff, the Principal Cataloger at the University of Washington Libraries,
for supplying many examples for the application of form subdivisions listed on this guide.

Copyright 1998-2000 Vianne Tang Sha. All rights reserved.
Last revised: July 21, 2009